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21 Surprising Household Cleaning Uses for baking soda


As we explore the endless possibilities of household cleaning, we often seek solutions that are both economical and environmentally friendly. Baking soda, this seemingly ordinary white powder, is actually a hidden hero in household cleaning. Officially known as sodium bicarbonate, this natural substance is not only affordable but also has a wide range of uses, playing a significant role in the cleaning tasks of almost every household.

Baking soda becomes a powerful ally in household cleaning due to its unique chemical properties. It can easily remove stubborn stains, neutralize odors, and even act as a mild abrasive. From the kitchen to the bathroom, from the floor to the ceiling, baking soda is almost omnipotent. What’s more admirable is that, compared to many chemical cleaners on the market, baking soda is safer and more environmentally friendly.

This article will delve into the 21 surprising uses of baking soda in household cleaning. Whether it’s removing tar in the oven, cleaning silverware, or serving as a natural air freshener, baking soda can provide the most economical and effective cleaning solutions. Let’s uncover the magic of baking soda and transform this simple household staple into the superhero of your cleaning toolkit.

Basic Properties and Safety Guidelines for Baking Soda

Basic Properties of Baking Soda

Baking soda, chemically known as sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO₃), is a white, powdery alkaline substance. It has several key properties:

  • Neutralizing acidic substances: Baking soda can react with acidic substances to produce water and carbon dioxide, making it an ideal choice for removing acidic stains and odors.
  • Mild abrasive effect: Its fine particle structure can remove dirt and stains from surfaces without causing damage, suitable for cleaning various surfaces.
  • Safety: Compared to many chemical cleaners, baking soda is safer for human health and the environment, suitable for cleaning surfaces that come into contact with food and for cleaning children’s toys.

Safety Guidelines

Although baking soda is a relatively safe cleaner, proper use is still crucial:

  1. Avoid inhalation: When using baking soda powder, avoid direct inhalation of the dust. Wear a mask during cleaning to prevent respiratory irritation.
  2. Skin contact: Although baking soda is generally harmless to the skin, prolonged contact may cause dryness. Wash hands after use and apply moisturizer if necessary.
  3. Eye protection: Avoid contact of baking soda powder or solution with eyes. If contact occurs, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
  4. Eating precautions: Although baking soda can be used in cooking, direct consumption of large amounts of sodium bicarbonate can be harmful to health. Store it out of reach of children and use it according to recipe proportions.
  5. Reaction with other substances: Baking soda mixed with acidic substances like vinegar will cause a chemical reaction. Although this can be used for cleaning, safety precautions should be taken, and it should be used in a well-ventilated environment.

Kitchen Cleaning Uses

1. Cleaning Ovens and Stovetops

  • Oven de-greasing: Mix water and baking soda into a paste, apply it inside the oven, let it sit for several hours or overnight, then wipe clean with a damp cloth. This method can effectively remove burnt residues and grease in the oven.
  • Stovetop cleaning: Sprinkle baking soda powder, then wipe with a damp cloth to remove grease and food residues on the stovetop.

2. Dealing with Stubborn Grease on Gas Stoves

  • Mix baking soda with warm water to form a paste, apply it evenly on the gas stove surface and knobs, let it sit for 15 minutes, then gently scrub with a soft cloth or sponge and rinse clean with water.

3. Eliminating Odors in Refrigerators and Microwaves

  • Placing an open box of baking soda in the refrigerator or microwave can absorb internal odors. Replace it every month to keep the refrigerator and microwave fresh.

Bathroom Cleaning Applications

1. Cleaning Tiles and Bathtubs

  • Making a cleaning paste: Mix baking soda with water in a 3:1 ratio to form a paste. Apply it to the bathtub and tiles with a sponge or brush, gently scrub to remove dirt and soap scum, then rinse clean with water.

2. Alternative to Toilet Cleaners

  • Cleaning the toilet: Sprinkle a cup of baking soda into the toilet, let it sit for about 30 minutes, then clean the toilet bowl with a toilet brush. Baking soda can clean and deodorize.

3. Cleaning Shower Curtains and Bathroom Mirrors

  • Shower curtain cleaning: Soak the shower curtain in warm water mixed with baking soda to help remove mold and stains. Afterwards, rinse clean and hang to dry.
  • Mirror de-spotting: Mix baking soda with water to make a dilute solution, use a soft cloth to gently wipe the bathroom mirror, removing water stains and fingerprints, then dry with a clean cloth.

Cleaning Furniture and Floors

1. Cleaning Wooden Furniture and Floors

  • Removing water stains and fingerprints: Mix baking soda and water into a paste, gently wipe wooden furniture or floors with a soft cloth, then wipe off the remaining baking soda with a clean damp cloth, and finally polish with a dry cloth. This method can help restore the luster of wood without damaging its surface.

2. Removing Stains and Odors from Carpets

  • Stain removal: For minor stains on the carpet, sprinkle baking soda directly on the stain, gently brush, then let it sit for a few hours or overnight, and finally vacuum. Baking soda helps absorb and decompose stains.
  • Deodorizing: If the carpet emits an unpleasant odor, sprinkle a thin layer of baking soda over the entire carpet, let it sit for a few hours or overnight, then thoroughly vacuum. Baking soda can absorb odors, making the carpet fresh again.

3. Cleaning Pet Beds

  • Deodorizing and cleaning: Pet beds can accumulate pet odors and bodily fluids. Sprinkle a layer of baking soda, let it sit for a few hours, then vacuum. For stubborn stains, pre-clean the area with a mixture of baking soda and water.

Laundry Room Cleaning Tips

1. Enhancing Laundry Effectiveness

  • Softening water: Baking soda can soften hard water, enhancing the efficacy of laundry detergent. Adding half a cup of baking soda to the washing machine for each wash can help the detergent work better, making clothes cleaner.
  • Eliminating odors: For clothes that emit unpleasant smells, such as sports attire, adding a cup of baking soda to the washing machine can effectively remove these odors.
  • Brightening colors and whites: Baking soda can also help maintain the brightness of colors and the cleanliness of whites. It gently cleans clothes, avoiding damage that chemical bleaches might cause.

2. Removing Stains from Clothes

  • Treating stains: For stubborn stains on clothes, such as grease or blood stains, apply a paste made from baking soda and water directly to the stain, let it sit for a few hours or overnight, then wash as usual. The mild abrasive effect and absorption capacity of baking soda help break down and absorb stains.

3. Cleaning the Washing Machine

  • Deodorizing and cleaning the washing machine: Over time, washing machines can accumulate odors and residues. Using a cup of baking soda with two cups of white vinegar for a monthly empty wash can effectively clean the interior of the washing machine, removing odors and buildup. The combination of baking soda and vinegar can deeply clean and disinfect the washing machine, keeping it clean and efficient.

Air Purification and Indoor Deodorization

1. Homemade Indoor Air Freshener

  • Making method: Mix baking soda with a few drops of your favorite essential oils (such as lavender, lemon, or mint). Place the mixture in a perforated container, such as a jar with holes or a cloth bag, then place it in the room that needs deodorizing. Baking soda will absorb odors, while the essential oils will emit a fresh scent.

2. Eliminating Indoor Smoke Odor and Other Odors

  • Smoke odor removal: Placing a bowl of baking soda in smoking areas or rooms with smoke odor can help absorb the smell of tobacco.
  • Pet area deodorization: Sprinkling a thin layer of baking soda in areas where pets rest or play, letting it sit for a few hours, then sweeping or vacuuming, can effectively remove pet odors.

3. Refrigerator and Microwave Odor Removal

  • Removing refrigerator odors: Placing an open box of baking soda in the fridge can effectively absorb odors inside. Replace it every month to keep the air inside the fridge fresh.
  • Microwave cleaning and deodorizing: Placing a mixture of baking soda and water in the microwave, heating it for a few minutes, then letting it cool, not only can clean the interior of the microwave but also remove odors left by food.

Special Uses

1. Cleaning Gardening Tools

  • Baking soda can effectively remove dirt and rust from gardening tools. Simply soak the tools in warm water containing baking soda, or directly rub with damp baking soda powder, to easily clean the tools, extending their service life.

2. Cleaning Car Interiors

  • For cleaning car interiors, baking soda is a safe and effective option. It can clean stains on seats, carpets, and other interior components. Simply sprinkle baking soda on the contaminated area, wait a moment, then wipe with a damp cloth or vacuum.

3. Removing Stains from Paint

  • If paint surfaces accidentally get stained with grease or other stains, you can use baking soda for gentle cleaning. Mix baking soda and water into a paste, gently wipe the paint surface, then rinse with water.
baking soda is basically a chemical compound, which is also often known as baking soda, bread soda, cooking soda and bicarbonate of soda.

Other Creative Uses of Baking Soda

1. Natural Exfoliant

  • Baking soda is a mild exfoliant that can be used on the face and body. Mix baking soda with water in a 1:3 ratio to form a paste, gently massage the skin, then rinse with water to remove dead skin cells, leaving the skin smoother and more refined.

2. Removing Vase and Tea Stains

  • Vases or teacups that have been used for a long time often accumulate hard-to-clean tea stains or water stains. Using a mixture of baking soda and water, you can effectively remove these stains, restoring the container’s shine.

3. Enhancing the Comfort of Sports Shoes

  • For new or long-worn uncomfortable sports shoes, sprinkling a small amount of baking soda on the soles can help absorb moisture, reduce friction, and improve wearing comfort.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What is the difference between baking soda and baking powder?

  • A1: Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) is a single-component alkaline substance primarily used for cleaning and deodorizing. Baking powder (double-acting baking powder) is a baking ingredient that contains sodium bicarbonate and an acidic substance, used to initiate fermentation in recipes without additional acidic components.

Q2: Is baking soda harmful to the skin?

  • A2: Baking soda is generally safe for the skin and can be used as a mild exfoliant or for other beauty purposes. However, for people with sensitive skin, it’s recommended to test on a small area of skin first. Prolonged and extensive contact may cause dryness.

Q3: Can baking soda be digested?

  • A3: Baking soda can be used to relieve excess stomach acid, as it can neutralize stomach acid. However, frequent or large consumption of baking soda is not recommended, as excess can lead to electrolyte imbalance or other health issues.

Q4: How should baking soda be stored to maintain its potency?

  • A4: Baking soda should be stored in a dry, cool place and ensure the packaging bag or container is well sealed to prevent moisture absorption or mixing with other substances. Properly stored baking soda can maintain its activity for a long time.

Q5: Can baking soda be used with vinegar?

  • A5: Yes, the combination of baking soda and vinegar creates a chemical reaction, producing carbon dioxide bubbles, which can help clean clogged drains or remove stubborn stains. However, this reaction is immediate, and long-term mixed storage will deplete the reactants, losing cleaning effectiveness.


Baking soda, this seemingly simple white powder, is actually a powerful tool in household cleaning and personal care. From deep cleaning in the kitchen and bathroom to laundry care, air purification, and personal health, baking soda demonstrates its true value as a household staple with its wide range of applications and environmental friendliness. It is not only affordable and easy to use but also safe for humans and the environment, making it the ideal choice for those pursuing a healthy and sustainable lifestyle.

Through the introduction in this article, we have explored the various uses of baking soda, including cleaning furniture and floors, laundry room tips, indoor air purification, and some special and creative uses. Additionally, we have answered common questions about the use of baking soda, hoping to help readers better understand how to use this versatile material safely and effectively.

In conclusion, the diverse applications of baking soda not only prove its practicality in daily life but also emphasize the importance of adopting simple, natural methods for cleaning and maintenance. As people increasingly focus on health and environmental protection, baking soda undoubtedly becomes a key helper in achieving these goals. Consider incorporating this economical, versatile household helper into your daily life to enjoy the cleanliness and comfort it brings!

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